Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases of the nervous system. A neurology specialist is a physician who specializes in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the nervous system.
The nervous system is divided into two parts:
Neurological diseases include:
The most common symptoms for which patients are referred to a neurologist are headaches, muscle weakness, tingling and pain in the extremities, dizziness, memory and behavioral disorders, tremor, movement disorders, gait disorders, loss of consciousness, sensory sensations, odors, sight, taste and others.
Neurological diagnostic procedure used to assess the condition of the peripheral nervous system and muscles, which consists of two parts: examination of the speed of nerve conduction and examination of the muscles in the arms and legs.
To examine the nerves, an electrical impulse is used at certain points of the arms and legs, which gives us the values of the speed at which this impulse travels along the nerve, which tells us about the state of the nerve; needle electromyography (inserting a sterile needle into the muscles of the arms and legs) provides data on the electrical activity of muscles and nerves, and the results give us specific information about the extent of nerve or muscle injury.
EMNG is a necessary test in determining the causes of problems that may result from various changes in the spinal cord, peripheral nerves, at the junction of the peripheral nerve and muscle or in the muscle itself.
We use EMNG in many very common conditions such as low back pain, sciatica, neck pain, cervicobrachial syndrome, limb tingling in various types of peripheral nerve damage (neuropathy), (eg diabetic neuropathy, compressive neuropathies such as carpal tunnel syndrome), various traumatic injuries peripheral nerves, muscle weakness (myopathy), etc.
Neurosonological, diagnostic method that shows carotid and vertebral arteries and measures blood flow through them. The test is painless, non-invasive and ideal for continuous monitoring of vascular changes. This method shows the flow of a blood vessel, the quality of its wall, the speed and direction of blood flow and the degree of blockage of a blood vessel.
Before the examination, it is necessary to free the neck from objects that make it difficult to access the target arteries, such as necklaces or collars. The examination is performed while the patient is lying on his back, placing a probe on his neck that uses ultrasound waves to display the carotid and vertebral arteries and blood flow on the monitor.
The importance of this test is to timely detect and monitor changes in blood vessels that can cause stroke - the second leading cause of death and the first leading cause of disability in the world. Color Doppler Flow Imaging of carotid and vertebral arteries is necessary to do:
The examination is performed by a neurology specialist who then analyzes the images taken and interprets them individually to the patient depending on the existing neurological problems or the need for preventive action.